EOSC-A Mandated Organisation
EOSC Steering Board representatives
The open access to scientific information initiative is directly correlated with Bulgarian national strategic priorities in the field of science and innovation. The Implementation plan for the National strategy for the development of the scientific research 2017 – 2030 and the National concept for open access to scientific information provides an analysis of the tendencies in the development of the initiative and outline essential steps, actions and prerequisites for the transition towards open science.
The Bulgarian Portal for Open Science was established in 2022 as a building block of thе initiative. It is maintained by the National Centre for Information and Documentation (NACID)in compliance with Commission recommendation (EU) 2018/790 of 25 April 2018 on access to and preservation of scientific information. The Bulgarian Portal for Open Science aims to coordinate the dissemination of open access scientific results from publicly funded research and fosters the efforts of all scientists that wish to share their research outputs.
The portal and the repository form a system that provides researchers and the public at large with access to scientific publications and other research outputs free of charge in an open and non-discriminatory manner. The system enables the dissemination and enables use and re-use of scientific research results, thus minimizing efforts and maximizing the benefits of the research.
- Bulgarian Initiative for Open Data and Cloud Computing (BgI-ODCC)
The Bulgarian Initiative for Open Data and Cloud Computing (BgI-ODCC) was established in September 2021. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed by the following entities:
- Institute of Information and Communication Technologies;
- Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (IICT-BAS);
- Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski” (SU);
- Institute of Mathematics and Informatics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (IMI-BAS);
- National Institute of Geophysics, Geodesy and Geography, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (NIGGG-BAS);
- Institute of Mechanics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (IMechBAS);
- Technical University of Sofia (TU-Sofia);
- Medical University, Sofia (MU-Sofia);
- University of Plovdiv “St. Paisiy Hilendarski” (Uni-Plovdiv):
- University of Library Studies and Information Technologies, Sofia (ULSIT –Sofia).
The main purpose is to provide faster and seamless sharing of publications, data and other digital research outputs and thus strengthen the communication and collaboration between scientists. The initiative aims to open opportunities for new levels of integration and raise awareness to facilitate a global, sustainable and cooperative Open Science.
The main goal of engagement with EOSC is to provide researchers and people who are interested, with access to scientific publications reviewed by independent experts, reliable research data and results, in an open and non-discriminatory manner at the earliest possible stage of the dissemination process, as well as to provide an opportunity for their use and reuse.
Main priorities of the EOSC national structure:
- Engaging stakeholders at national level into EOSC
- Disseminating and promoting EOSC at national level
- Offering a channel to connect the national stakeholders with the EOSC Governance
- EOSC Awareness creation at national level
- Creation of a national EOSC community including all different types of stakeholders to discuss and share experiences on EOSC and increase EOSC competences at national level
- Engagement of organisations into the EOSC Association
- Organisation of public webinars/events to:
- inform national stakeholders about the EOSC latest developments
- collect feedback from national players and feed them into the EOSC Governance & other EOSC activities (e.g. EOSC-related projects)
- discuss EOSC-related topics at national/EU level (e.g. researchers incentives and rewards)
The whole process of founding the BgI-ODCC is monitored by representatives of the Ministry of Education and Science.
- 28 March 2023 | National Tripartite Event
NTE Bulgaria_Post-event report
Presentations during the event:
Wilhelm Widmark - EOSC Association
Pantelis Tziveloglou - DG RTD - European Commission
Yanita Zherkova and Giorgio Rossi - EOSC Steering Board
Milena Dmayanova - Ministry of Education and Science
Hristiyania Klisarova and Jordan Iliev - National Centre for Information and Documentation
Ana Proykova - Sofia University "St.Kliment Ohridski"
National Open Science Plan 2021-2025 - A national plan for the development of Open Science Initiatives in Bulgaria was approved by the Ministry of Education and Science (MES) in January 2021. The main strategic document with regards to open science that outlines the open science vision of Bulgaria, gives an overview of reached milestones and takes them into account and outlines detailed objectives, commitments and action points with regard to the development and sustainability of the open science initiative in Bulgaria for the next five years. The strategic goal is to take the necessary steps and tools for the transition to the transformation of open science into a standard practice for conducting research in Bulgaria. One of the key objectives is ensures the connection of Bulgarian resources with the European Open Science Cloud. It creates national system of OS incentives:
- Actively involve researchers in the development of the initiative;
- Incorporate new criteria related to Open Science in the research assessment process;
- Adapt the funding system (guides, rules, grant agreements) to the new realities of Open Science;
- Provide financial instruments to engage researchers and institutions in open science as a way to allocate funds.
The Plan should be promoted and implemented in a coordinated and joint manner by the scientific community in the country and by the organisations funding research.
National strategy for the development of the scientific research 2017 – 2030 and its Implementation plan identifies that “open access to scientific information” is a strategic action point and also there is an objective “active participation in the European research area and strengthening international cooperation and partnerships in the field of science, including the EOSC and similar initiatives.”
National concept for open access to scientific information - outlines the essence and framework of open science.
Guidelines on sharing scientific publications with open access and using the national repository and the portal for open science are published in the Bulgarian Portal for Open Science (BPOS) and are distributed within the research community.
In October 2021, the Council of Ministers adopted a national program aimed to induce the publication activity of the scientific research staff and increase the number of scientific publications in authoritative scientific journals, referenced or indexed in the global databases Web of Science or Scopus, as well as promote the culture of sharing scientific information with open access. The program covers a three and a half period of time (2022-2025) and one of the eligibility criteria for the program’s beneficiaries (universities and research organisations) is to have a valid BPOS account as a content provider. Funds under the program are aimed to serve as additional work remuneration, awards or other financial incentives to research staff for scientific publications in journals (including open access) referenced or indexed in the global databases Web of Science or Scopus in the previous calendar year.
In March 2022 the Bulgarian Portal for Open Science was certified as a Trustworthy Data Repository by the CoreTrustSeal Standards. The national repository underwent the rigorous certification process and provided sufficient evidence that its procedures, documentation, metadata and technical infrastructure meets the sixteen requirements formulated by CoreTrustSeal. The requirements concern important issues such as the measures taken to guarantee the integrity and authenticity of scientific resources, the existence of documented processes and procedures for storage, the mechanisms for checking and ensuring the quality, relevance and comprehensibility of the scientific resources, the use of reliable hardware and software solutions, as well as the measures taken to protect the resources, services and users. The certification procedure is meant to provide transparency of the work processes of BPOS and demonstrate its compliance with the latest standards in the field of research data management and long-term preservation.
As a result of the continuous efforts of the universities, research organisations, the Ministry of education and science and the National center for information and documentation, the number of open access publications in the BPOS is increasing. By July 2022 the number of scientific publications available in BPOS exceeds 31 000, out of which 89 % are published with open access from 99 registered content providers (including universities, research organisations, hospitals and publishers).
In June 2022 the Ministry of Education and Science concluded a new agreement with one of the main scientific publishers. The agreement with Elsevier is in implementation of the National Strategy for the Development of Scientific Research in the Republic of Bulgaria and provides subscription access for higher schools and scientific organisations to the publishing house's databases.
The new agreement is concluded for the period 2022-2025 and offers an extended scope of the subscription, which also includes a subscription to e-books for the entire period, as well as the organisation of an extended seminar on the development of scientific activity in the system of higher education.
The biggest success of the agreement between the Ministry of Education and Science and the publishing house is the "Open Access" pilot project. The service grants the right to publish open access articles in the main hybrid journals owned by Elsevier and published by the publisher. Corresponding authors may publish a specified number of open access articles within the term of the agreement without paying a publication fee. In the event that the maximum number of articles per subscription year is reached, the agreement provides for preferential prices for Bulgarian users included in the list of users.
The existing Bulgarian National (open datasets) Portals are:
- Bulgarian Portal for Open Science
The Bulgarian Portal for Open Science is multidisciplinary and welcomes doctoral dissertations and peer-reviewed manuscripts or published versions of scientific publications created by researchers. The items need to be described by a mandatory set of metadata: author/s, title, publication date, resource type (e.g. journal article, part of a book, conference paper, report, etc.), resource identifier (e.g. DOI, Handle), access rights (open, metadata only, restricted, embargoed access). The system also performs selective metadata harvesting from Bulgarian institutional repositories with open access that support the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting. It is also integrated with the national database for doctoral dissertations in the Register of academic staff.
- Open Data Portal
Open Data Portal. Access to public open data sets in a machine-readable format. It contains data sets from organisations. This portal provides REST-based API. Supported main formats for datasets are CSV, JSON, XML. The system is based on an Elastic search engine. The following topics are included: Agriculture, Fisheries, Forestry & Foods, Education, Culture and Sport, Environment, Energy, Transport, Science & Technology, Economy and Finance, Population & Society, Government & Public Sector, Health, Regions & Cities, Justice, Legal System & Public Safety, International Issues.
- National Statistical Institute
National Statistical Institute (), like the Open Data Portal, provides free and unrestricted access, but for selected data sets in machine-readable data formats in CSV, and JSON.
On December 9, 2021, nine scientific organisations signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) establishing the National Open Data and Cloud Computing Initiative (NI ODCC) to create synergies at the national level between organisations with a role and interest in the European Open Science Cloud ( EOSC); integration of open data infrastructures (storage) and cloud computing (services) in the EOSC; supporting activities to optimise services for research and innovation; sharing and disseminating information about the capabilities of the infrastructure, services and expertise of the participants, about their work and achievements. The final document was prepared after six months’ intensive work of an initiative WG following the recommendations given at the EOSC symposium in 2021 and by the models developed in the framework of NI4OS-Europe project and several presentations, including the discussion during the National Information Day on Open Science held on 23 of September 2021.
The coordinating organisation of the initiative is the Institute of Information and Communication Technologies, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Partners are several institutes of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - The Institute of Mathematics and Informatics, The National Institute of Geophysics, Geodesy and Geography, The Institute of Mechanics, as well as Bulgarian universities - Sofia University "St. Kliment Ohridski", Technical University – Sofia, Medical University – Sofia, University of Plovdiv "Paisii Hilendarski" and University of Library Studies and Information Technologies – Sofia. The MoU remains open for new members to join – the contact person is Prof. Aneta Karaivanova, IICT-BAS (firstname.lastname@example.org).
In 2022 the organisational structure was agreed upon, and set activities of the NI ODCC to implement the National Plan for Open Science were planned. These activities include:
- Identification of digital resources, general and thematic cloud services at the national level, provision of technical assistance to ensure compliance with EOSC requirements and recommendations;
- Development of a strategy for synchronisation/development of advanced methodologies for accessing and sharing data such as user interfaces, a federation of resources, tools for identification, authorisation and accounting;
- Identify a path for possible development of this agreement to administrative structures or a consortium for participation in national or European projects;
- Coordinate cooperation in the development of solutions for the operation and monitoring of infrastructure based on specific tools and open data, compatible with EOSC;
- Supporting the academic, research and innovation community to develop specific opportunities by organising national and international events and providing the specific training needed for the transition to open science;
- Promoting FAIR principles (availability, accessibility, interoperability, reusability) and their acceptance by research data providers;
- Identifying and stimulating the opportunities for the impact of EOSC on projects in the National Roadmap of Research Infrastructures in Bulgaria and other research infrastructures.
In 2022 the teams of IICT-BAS and IMI-BAS already started with the development and provision of training materials on open data and cloud computing to the academic community; technical assistance to ensure compliance with EOSC requirements and recommendations for digital resources related to open data and cloud computing; promotion of EOSC and FAIR principles (discoverability, accessibility, interoperability, reusability) and their adoption by scientific data providers.
EOSC Association Members and Observers
Sofia University "St. Kliment Ohridski"Member
Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski” is the oldest university in Bulgaria, established in 1888.... Read moreVisit the website